A changing landscape

The Avian Kingdom
Do you like birds? If so, you are in an area which, through a combination of strong fundamentals, conservation and environmental measures, is a haven for birdlife. Conditions are good for many species with the presence of both wetlands and dry sandy soils. Today the Avian Kingdom with Vombs meadows, Klingavälsån (the Sound Well Creek) and lake Krankesjön is Sweden's richest inland bird areas.

Be happy when you see a kite!
During most of the 1900s, the number of birds dropped. Not only here, but throughout the whole Western world due to ditching in order to increase arable land and through the abundant use of herbicides. In recent decades though, great efforts have been done to achieve cleaner agriculture and a healthier environment. Here along the Kävlingeån creek, water purifying projects has favored bird life due to the creation of much more water surfaces. The many birds of prey you now see here in the Avian Kingdom, even during winter, is a strong health indicator of that environmental pollutants have decreased. So be happy when you look from Bligehöj to see kites soaring high above the ground.

Geology – a drama in slow motion

Mountains up and down
Vombsänkan is a part of a geologically interesting area in Northern Europe. Diagonally through Skåne runs an extensive fracture zone in the bedrock and this meets the hard bedrock continent plate 'Baltica' to the north and central Europe softer sedimentary rocks to the south. The movements in the Skåne geology has been dramatic. The Ro-meleåsen ridge, seen on the other side Vombsänkan, is a horst, which is bedrock forced straight up when Baltica collided with the continent plate of Avalonia. Meanwhile another huge bedrock block sank and Vombsänkan was formed.

At the edge of a precipice
Even though it does not look like it to the naked eye, you are standing at the edge of a precipice. Below Bligehöj, a crack runs straight down through the shale, limestone and sandstone before reaching bedrock. In the valley below, the corresponding bedrock is even a thousand meters further down. It is possible to see the Silurian shale exposed at the ravine 300 meters east of Bligehöj, where the Skåneleden trail follow the gorge up to Hjularöd's castle.

It's moving!!
When the Silurian shale was formed, the Baltic sub continent was at much warmer lati-tudes, at around mid Africa. That is evident by the fossil types that are present at depths between 20 to 100 meters below Bligehöj and down under the valley bottom. Even to-day, the Baltic plate continues its journey towards the North East. The landscape we are in is not standing still but is moving. In geological terms, pretty fast even with a speed of a couple of centimeters per year.

That's a lot of water!

A roar of rushing water
At the end of the last ice age in Skåne, around 11,500 years ago, the glaciar runoff from the inland ice through Vombsänkan streamed towards the Öresund strait. With time the Vombsänkan was filled up and became a large lake. The water went almost all the way up to where Bligehöj is today. At Gårdstånga, 13 km to the west, there was an ice dam that eventually burst. The roar from the released water must have been enor-mous as the water rushed in a flood of ice cold meltwater.

Sand, gravel and ice blocks
Imagine the edge of a glacier, such as they still can be seen on Greenland or Antarct-ica. During the ice age, the thickness of the ice might have been up to 1500 meters. During the end of the Ice age, the ice became thinner and more fragile. Blocks broke off, fell down at the edge of the glacier and then slowly melted away. Lake Vombsjön we see east from Bligehöj, and lake Krankesjön hidden in pine in the south, are both residues of such massive blocks of ice.

Wet then, dry now
In Vombsänkan is thus the remnants of the continental glacier a sandy soil with giant pits of the formerly ice blocks. The pits are in our time, lakes or humus-rich wetlands. In addition to the benefit of bird life, people have been using these two paradoxes of gravel and peat in business both as sandpits and peat mining.

The Mosaic Landscape in the Vombjösänkan

A landscape in constant change
A landscape like the one in this area tells about large changes. Thanks to its some-times violent history, the Vombsjösänkan of today is a varied habitat with as well wet-land, peat moss, sand and gravel. It is a landscape in constant change.

Rich farmland and fine fishing
Ever since the first hunters came wandering up the river after the ice age, people have lived in the valley. Hunting, fishing and later abundant grazing is what led people to settle here. Today there are both smaller farms, those that shifted out from the villages, and the large estates Övedskloster and Hjularöd. Vombsjön is still rich in fishing and is today a fresh water source for Lund and Malmö.

Moors has since long ago been used as military training fields. In 1888 The South Scanian barracs was inagurated at Revingehed.The military training ground is still used today but is also a protected Natura 2000 area that is kept from overgrowing by grazing cattle. The Training Field is open to the public, but visitors are adviced to be cautious. At the bridge over Kävlingeån between Harlösa and Silvåkra is an information sign.

White deer
In the woodlands between Hjularöd and Överskloster, roams a white deer variant. If you are lucky, you could witness them along the road at any of the forest edges between Harlösa and Övedskloster.

The crossroad between space and time
At Bligehöj, three trails meet, Skåneleden and two Pilgrim trials. Here, next to the church of Harlösa, one of the pearls along the Pilgrim Trail, the resting place: 'The Landscape's Theater' gives you the possibility for a short rest by the crossroads of the trails. We who participated in its creation welcome you as a visitor to sit down for a while. Perhaps plan-ning for new trails to try, or just to explore Vombsänkan closer, through the tips we who live here gave to you, our guest.

Trekking in Skåne
If the "Landscape's Theater" inspires you to discover the land by hiking, we can tell that Skåne has a 1000 kilometers of excellent hiking trails. Welcome out in the trail!

Vandra i Skåne http://vandraiskane.se  

Pilgrimsvägen www.pilgrimsvagen.se

Skåneleden www.skaneleden.se

Visit Skåne http://vandring.skane.org

Rundvandringar www.rundvandringar.se